Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that affects our lungs. However, it can also spread to other body parts such as the kidneys, the spine, or the brain.
TB is spread through bacteria through droplets in the air.
It can also be spared from person to person through the air. TB, in most cases, is curable through medications that need to be consumed for a prolonged period of 9 months, but it can get complicated. TB is of two types:
- Active TB: Active TB can happen when the immune system is weakened due to other illnesses; in that case, the bacteria are multiplying fast, and the symptoms are more visible. In this case, there are high chances of spreading the bacteria to others
- Latent TB: In the case of latent TB, infection is present in the body, but there are no symptoms to prove it. TB can be there but is not contagious as it is not active disease. The doctor will give medications to cure TB
What are the Symptoms of TB?
One may have the bacteria of TB in the body but getting TB or not depends on the body’s immune system. Immune-compromised people tend to develop active TB.
While coughing for more than three weeks constantly is one of the common signs of the TB, there are other signs and symptoms of TB as mentioned below:
- Coughing for more than three weeks
- Blood in Cough
- Chest Pain while coughing
- Massive Weight Loss
- Fever and Chills
- Loss of Appetite
What are the associated risks with TB?
Developing TB is contingent upon one’s immune system; some people get TB soon and become infected; however, for others, it may be like no TB for years or a lifetime.
People with weak immune systems are more at risk of developing TB than individuals with a standard immune system.
People who have been infected with the below-mentioned diseases have a higher chance of developing TB:
- Came in contact with infected people
- Children who are exposed to adults at risk of TB
When to Visit a doctor?
It is advised to visit your doctor if the symptoms are such as you have a fever, persistent cough, and so on.
Additionally, if there is a doubt in your head that you have been exposed to TB or have come in close contact with a person who has TB, it is beneficial to visit the doctor. Pulmonologists diagnose and treat diseases related to the respiratory system, such as the lungs and windpipe. They are experts in treating Asthma, TB, Pulmonary Fibrosis, and COPD.
How To Prevent TB?
Preventing TB requires efforts as it is easily contagious to others, putting close friends, colleagues, and family members at risk. When an individual is diagnosed with latent TB, the doctor prescribes certain medications to reduce the risk of developing active TB. However, if an individual is diagnosed with active TB, medications are given to reduce the impact of the bacteria such that it is no longer contagious. However, the list of precautions and safety measures increases:
- It is advised to stay at home to reduce the contact with others
- Living in a ventilated room is a promising idea, as TB germs can spread more easily in small, closed spaces
- Mouth should be covered during the time of cough and sneezing
- The course of medications must be finished to get 100% relief
Disclaimer: This blog has been written after performing in-depth secondary research related to the topic from various articles, blogs, and journals that have expertise in writing for healthcare.
Suppose you see any issues related to coughing, TB, or showing any symptoms associated with TB.
We strictly advise you to seek medical consultation.