What is Chickenpox?
Varicella-zoster, quite commonly known as Chickenpox, is a highly contagious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus. It generates 200-400 rashes in the form of blisters on the entire body. Studies indicate that young children, babies, pregnant women, and people with a low immune system are more vulnerable to the disease. However, it can affect adults too. Chickenpox is highly infectious; people with no record of chickenpox and no vaccination are at the risk of getting it at any stage in life. Chickenpox is a mild disease. However, the blister in chickenpox can spread to body parts such as the eyes, nose, tongue, and even genitals. The best thing about chickenpox is that once the person has the disease, they may never contract it again, as the vaccine developed for this disease is remarkably effective. The chickenpox vaccine was launched in the United States of America in 1995. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USA, recommends a routine-based vaccination approach to combat the disease.
What are the symptoms of Chickenpox?
It is straightforward to catch the symptoms and signs of chickenpox. The primary symptom of chickenpox is a rash that starts coming on the patient’s back, stomach, and neck. These rashes turn into itchy blisters and gradually spread to other body parts within 4-5 days. The process of healing from chickenpox lasts for 8-10 days. Other signs are accompanied by these blisters, including fever, loss of appetite, headache, tiredness, itchiness, and more.
Chickenpox goes through three phases:
- First Phase: In this phase, patients tend to develop itchy, pink, and red blisters, soon spreading to the complete body. These are called Papules in the medical term
- Second Phase: Patients may feel these developed blisters are breaking and leaking in this phase. These blisters are known as vesicles
- Third Phase: In this phase, these blisters will become like an open wound and then turn into scabs
There is a possibility that rash, blisters, and scabs happen to an individual simultaneously. There is a higher chance of transmission to other people within the next 48 hours once the blister starts appearing.
Do I need to see a doctor?
Once diagnosed with chickenpox, it is easily manageable at home; patients need to take medications on time, practice isolation for a few days, and rest completely. However, in some cases, people often consult the General Physician.
General Physician, commonly known as or family doctor, is a trained doctor who provides all sorts of physical and medical treatments, excluding surgical therapies. They are trained in treating various diseases such as Fever and Flu, Headache, Cough & Cold, Infections, Dengue, Malaria, Typhoid, Acidity, Body Aches, Diabetes, Stress, Allergies, Cardiac Problems, Asthma, and more. General Physician is the first choice that comes to anybody’s mind when they are seeking treatment for healthcare concerns. They are trained in treating various diseases, including detection, prevention, and cure.
How to treat Chickenpox?
Treating Chickenpox at Home: There are so many remedies that can be performed at home to treat chickenpox and prevent further skin infections. Patients can apply Calamine lotion take a cool bath with uncooked oatmeal as this helps reduce the itching and feel relieved from the same. Patients are highly advised not to scratch the blisters as they can leave marks on the skin and bleed, thereby making it worse. Furthermore, practicing isolation for a few days is a promising idea, as this helps prevent the further spread of the diseases.
Consulting the Doctor: Seeking advice from the doctor is always beneficial. People with chickenpox can consult healthcare professionals if the following conditions exist:
- The patient is pregnant
- Patient has low immunity system; people who have HIV, cancer, or have gone undergone through any transplant
- Patients such as kids less than one year, and is pregnant, etc. are at risk of developing serious complications
- Fever is high such as 102 degrees, and lasts more than four days
- Vomiting and Fatigue
- Change in color, breaking up, and bleeding of blisters
How to prevent Chickenpox?
The best way to prevent chickenpox is to get vaccinated for chickenpox. The chickenpox vaccine is available and prescribed for children, adolescents, and adults. People are advised to be double vaccinated. The vaccine is super effective in combating the disease; most of the vaccinated people have no chance of getting Chickenpox again. In rare scenarios, if a vaccinated person does get chickenpox, the symptoms are very mild, with fewer blisters and no fever. The United States of America has achieved a 90% decrease (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) in chickenpox cases, hospitalizations, and deaths since the varicella vaccination.
Is Chickenpox the same as Smallpox?
There may be a similarity between chickenpox and smallpox, as people get rashes in both. However, there is a stark difference between the two. Smallpox is deadlier than chickenpox, as it causes severe illness, and two distinct viruses cause them. Furthermore, as per the global vaccination program conducted, smallpox has been eradicated.
Is Varicella the chickenpox Vaccine?
Varicella vaccination is the most common vaccination for chickenpox and is highly effective in protecting people from catching chickenpox. It is known as the varicella vaccine because the varicella virus causes chickenpox.