Teeth sensitivity can be described as a sharp or sudden pain in the teeth when you consume something hot, cold, or sweet foods or drinks. Further, you can experience teeth sensitivity when the underlying layer of your teeth becomes exposed due to wear & tear and gum recession. Sensitive teeth can also be due to other factors such as cavities, gum disease, or cracked teeth.
Teeth sensitivity can be a temporary or chronic problem affecting one or many teeth. When you have sensitive teeth, some activities such as brushing, eating, and drinking can cause a sharp sensation or temporary pain in your teeth. It can be treated using fluoride, ensuing oral hygiene, desensitizing toothpaste, and dental bonding.
What are the causes of Teeth Sensitivity?
Many factors contribute to teeth sensitivity, as mentioned below:
Hard Brushing of Teeth
Brushing too hard or using a hard brush while brushing can lead to a wear & tear of teeth enamel, leading to gum recession- a situation where your gum tissue pulls away from your teeth.
Some people are genetically prone to thin gums. However, some people may develop gum diseases due to periodontal disease, pulling gums from the teeth and exposing the roots. Further, inflamed gum tissue may cause teeth sensitivity due to the loss of supporting ligaments, thereby exposing the teeth’s nerve.
Artificial Teeth Whitening Products
Using artificial teeth whitening products is the most significant contributor to teeth sensitivity. Hence, it is essential to visit the dentist for a bright smile or consult a dentist before using such products.
Broken and chipped teeth may get filled with plaque, causing teeth sensitivity.
Regular consumption of foods & beverages which are acidic in nature or have high acid content, such as citrus fruits, tomatoes, pickles, and black coffee, can lead to enamel erosion.
What factors trigger teeth sensitivity?
People who suffer from sensitive teeth may suffer from pain or discomfort, which may be triggered by the following:
- Hot & cold foods and beverages
- Sweet foods and beverages
- Acidic food and beverages
- Cold Water
- Mouthwashes with considerable amounts of alcohol
How to take care of sensitive teeth?
If you suffer from teeth sensitivity, you can take some precautions, as highlighted below, to reduce or take care of your teeth sensitivity.
Changing Your Toothpaste and Mouthwashes
Use toothpaste specifically designed for sensitive teeth or mouthwash, which is alcohol-free to rinse your mouth, and a soft toothbrush. This is because this toothpaste has a desensitizing ingredient that helps block the discomfort of sensation to the nerve of the teeth.
Focus on Oral Hygiene
Following proper oral hygiene is a must to avoid dental problems; this includes brushing twice daily, flossing once daily, and rinsing your mouth after every meal.
Avoid Foods that Cause Teeth Sensitivity
Increased and frequent consumption of acidic foods will lead to dentin exposure and wear & tear of enamel, aggravating sensitivity and causing pain.
You must visit your dentist and get the proper treatment in such cases. Your dentist will treat it and prescribe the right toothpaste and mouthwash to bolster your enamel and protect your teeth. These treatments, as mentioned above, might take some time to work and see an actual improvement. Further, it is essential to note that visiting your dentist twice a year for a regular dental check-up will help keep your dental problems at bay and your teeth strong.
Disclaimer: This blog has been written after performing in-depth secondary research related to the topic from various articles, blogs, and journals with expertise in writing for healthcare. The content on this page should not be considered a substitute for medical expertise. We advise you to book an appointment with the dentist for any doubts about dental care.